A serious bacterial disease that can be very dangerous and deadly it is also referred to as “black plague”. Bacteria as are found in almost every animal throughout the world and transmitted to humans through fleas.
The major risk area for plague is where there is no proper sanitization, overpopulation, or overcrowded and large population of rodents.
If untreated then it can cause death also and about 1000 to 2000 reported worldwide each year with most of the cases in Africa.
Types of Plague
It is most common of plague that happens when an infected Roten or Flea bites you.
In rare condition, a person can also get infected when coming in contact with the material which is in contact with the infected person.
It affects the lymphatic system which causes inflammation in the lymph nodes. If left untreated it can move into blood or lungs.
In this, the plague enters into the bloodstream directly and multiple starts to multiply there if left untreated then both bubonic and pneumonic will lead to septicemic plague.
It is the most lethal form of plague disease where it infects the lungs.
The bacteria are expelled into the air from the infected person through a cough that’s why it is the most dangerous form as it will affect the other person which in result epidemic.
It is the only form of plague that can be transferred from person to person.
How Plague is Spread
- Flea Bite
- Eating infected animal
- Scratch from the infected domestic cats.
- Human to human(Pneumonic Plague)
Signs and symptoms of the plague
Bubonic plague symptoms
- Fever and chills
- General weakness
- Muscle pain
- Swollen lymph Glands
Septicemic plague symptoms
- Abdominal pain
- Skin turning black
- Bleeding (blood may not be able to clot)
- Fever and chills
- Extreme weakness
- Nausea and vomiting
Pneumonic plague symptoms
- Trouble breathing
- Bloody sputum (saliva and mucus or pus from the lungs)
- Overall weakness
- Chest pain
Things to do when you think you have Plague
- Describe all the symptoms to the doctor.
- Tell your doctor all the medication and supplements you have taken.
- Make a list of people you had close contact with.
- Wear a mask to stop the spreading of the disease.
How Plague is Diagnosed
- Blood tests will reveal if you have the septicemic plague.
- The doctor will take the sample from the lymph node through the needle.
- For testing, pneumonic plague doctor will extract fluid from the tube which will be inserted into the body through nose or mouth.
Treatment for the plague
It is a very dangerous disease that is life-threatening if not diagnosed and if caught early then can easily be treated by antibiotics that are commonly available.
In case of bubonic plague if not treated in to move to the bloodstream and can multiply (causing septicemic plague) or in the lungs (causing pneumonic plague) and after that cause death within 24 hrs appearance of the first symptoms.
If treating for pneumonic plague extra care should be taken while medication as should not spread from the person and also people who have come close to that person should also be advised to take antibiotics as prescribed by the doctor for safety.
How to prevent plague
- Keep the population of the rodents under control in the house, workplace, and recreation areas.
- Keep your home free from stacks of cluttered firewood or piles of rock, brush, or other debris that could attract rodents.
- Protect your pets from fleas using flea control products.
- If the area is plague prone than is not recommended to allow pets that roam freely to enter the house.