TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

TUBERCULOSIS
Switch To Hindi

Worldwide, TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause of a single infectious agent ( according to WHO).

It is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is preventable and a completely curable disease. People with poor immunity are susceptible to this.  Common in two extremities of one’s life.

MODE OF TRANSMISSION – Aerosols

RISK – Both genders and all age groups are equally susceptible.

Usually, a lot of TB causing bacteria are present in the air we breathe but they remain latent within due to our strong immune system but once our immunity goes down it starts overpowering us.

So risk factors

  1. HIV patients
  2. One with other metabolic syndromes.
  3. Undernourished people
  4. Alcohol and tobacco abusers.

Types

Classified mainly into two types

  1. Pulmonary TB – It means the lungs are infected. Common type
  2. Extrapulmonary TB – It means the effect of bacteria on other parts rather than the lung. This includes gastrointestinal TB, skeletal TB, Lymph node, genitourinary TB, miliary TB, Tuberculous Meningitis, pleural TB, etc.

Symptoms of active lung TB

  • Chronic cough with sputum – cough for more than 21 days.
  • Blood in the sputum
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Night sweats

Diagnosis

1. Tuberculin skin test – It is not confirmatory as it can’t tell us whether the infection is latent it active. In this small amount of PPF ( purified protein filtrate) is injected on your forearm by the physician and he checks for reaction on the injected area after 48 hours. It’s considered positive if there is a reaction and negative if there is no change or reaction.

2. Blood tests – Only these can tell us whether the infection is latent or active.

3. Imaging tests – A X-ray or CT scan can tell us the presence of TB.

4. Sputum tests – The sputum is collected when you cough or swab is taken if can’t be collected through a cough. It is sent for culture. This is what tells the doctor to which antimicrobials it’s sensitive to and to which it is resistant to so that it’s easy for doctors to prescribe medications.

EXTRA PULMONARY TB

Symptoms

  • Fever of unknown origin
  • Weight loss
  • Malaise or general body weakness.
  • Altered mental status

Signs

  • Anemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Luekamoid reaction

­

DIAGNOSIS – Usually Biopsy and blood tests.

TREATMENT

New cases are treated for 6 months and if recurrent cases are treated for 8 months with first-line drugs named Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol, Streptomycin. These are according to RNTCP guidelines.

There will be Drug resistance TB cases especially Multidrug-resistant TB ( MDR -TB) and this is treated with second-line drugs in two phases for 6-9 months and 18 months respectively.

Extensive Drug Resistant TB ( XDR TB) – One phase of treatment lasts for 6-12 months and another phase for 18 months.

For pregnant and breastfeeding ladies it’s different.

DIET – Balanced diet is needed to cure or prevent TB. Their foods should be rich with nutrients such as iron, zinc, selenium, vitamin- A, D, C, E, protein, carbohydrate, fats

Protein – Dairy products, meat ( properly cooked ), eggs, pulses (chana, peas, green gram, toor dal) nuts s( almonds, cashew, walnuts, Anjeera, pistachio), seeds( pumpkin seeds, gingerly seeds, flax seeds, chia seeds).

Carbohydrate and fats foods – Cereals, millets, ghee, butter, vegetable oils.

Vitamins and minerals – Green leafy vegetables, roots, all kinds of fruits.

Just maintain a safe distance from them but you don’t need to treat them like untouchables. They need your love to heal.

 

You may Also find this Useful : Plague a Deadly Disease

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts

Fennel Tea for Breastfeeding
November 22, 2020
How to Stop Vomiting Home Remedie
November 22, 2020
What Does Brucellosis Do to Humans
November 18, 2020
Female
Things You May Not Know About Female Masturbation
November 8, 2020
Watermelon Benefits and Side Effects
November 8, 2020
Benefits Of Mustard Oil For Skin, Hair, And Health
November 6, 2020
Honey Benefits and Side Effects
October 29, 2020
Sanitizer Meaning and Uses
October 26, 2020
Ideas for Women’s Safety
October 25, 2020
Saline – Medicine
October 25, 2020
Stretchers
Different Varieties of Stretchers
October 17, 2020
DOCTOR ACCESSORIES
Doctor Accessories Names
October 17, 2020
Ginger
Ginger Benefits and Side Effects
October 11, 2020
Is it Safe to Drink clove Water During Pregnancy
October 11, 2020
Mental Health
World Mental Health Day
October 10, 2020
Jaundice
Treatment of Jaundice in Adults
October 10, 2020
female condom
How to use female condoms
October 8, 2020
Anger
Anger Management Activities for Adults
October 4, 2020
Insomnia
Insomnia
October 3, 2020
MENTAL HEALTH
MOM’S MENTAL HEALTH
October 2, 2020
Eye
How to Keep Eyes Healthy and Beautiful
October 2, 2020
Lemon
Lemon Juice Benefits
September 27, 2020
Hair
Can Grey Hair be Turned Black Naturally
September 27, 2020
Smoking
Easy Way How to Quit Smoking
September 26, 2020
Balanced Diet
Importance of a Balanced Diet
September 23, 2020
Peni
How to Make Your Penis Longer Naturally at Home
September 21, 2020
Bay Leaf
Reason to Add Bay Leaf to Our Food
September 20, 2020
Curry Leaves
Curry Leaves Benefits and Side Effects
September 17, 2020
Sperm Release
How Many Times Should a Man Release Sperm in a Week
September 14, 2020
Sperm
Can you get Pregnant with Low Sperm Count
September 13, 2020
Fenugreek
How to Eat Fenugreek Seeds for Hair Growth
September 13, 2020
How to increase Breast Size with Exercise
How to increase Breast Size with Exercise
September 13, 2020
Black Pepper
Is Black Pepper Bad for You
September 12, 2020
Eczema
Home Remedies for Eczema on Hands and Fingers
September 12, 2020
Constipation
How to get Rid of Constipation Fast at Home
September 12, 2020
Dark Circles Under Eyes
Home Remedies for Dark Circles Under Eyes Fast
September 12, 2020
Cinnamon
Interesting Factoids I Bet You Never Knew About Cinnamon
September 12, 2020
Ajwain
Important Facts That You Should Know About Ajwain(Carom seeds)
September 12, 2020
Viagra
Safed Musli A Natural Viagra
September 11, 2020
Garlic
Health Benefits of Garlic
September 11, 2020