SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
Switch To Hindi

These diseases are spread from person to person via oral or vaginal or anal sex. Many of them aren’t curable but all of these diseases are preventable with minimal measures. There are nearly 38 types of infections that are spread sexually which include bacterial, viral, parasites. Bacterial infections are curable whereas viral infections aren’t curable.

Bacterial infections include gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis.

Viral infections include Human Papillomavirus( HPV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Going to elaborate a few common STI’s  in brief

SYMPTOMS

Gonorrhea

Common symptoms –

  • Thick or bloody discharge from the genital opening
  • painful urination
  • burning sensation while urinating.

Women

  • Bleeding in between periods.

Men

  • Swelling and pain in testis

Chlamydia

Bacterial infection and symptoms are the same as that of Gonorrhoea.

The above-mentioned infections coexist usually.

Syphilis

A bacterial infection and it’s a re-emerging condition and occurs in three stages

Primary stage – You can see small painless sore or ulcers in the genital area, mouth, or anal region. The chances of spread from person to person is too high so that one needs to take care during sex.

Secondary stage – Skin rashes are seen. These aren’t itchy and usually seen in palms and soles but can be seen in any part without exception. Other symptoms include enlargement of lymph nodes, fever, headache, joint pains.

Tertiary stage – Takes 3-4 years to enter into this stage. It involves various organs ie heart, nervous system  ( stroke, mental illness, memory issues, meningitis), bone problems.

HIV ( Human Immunodeficiency virus)

It is one of the dangerous infections transmitted sexually and this primarily affects the immune system. Treatment is just symptomatic but it’s not curative. If you once get infected with HIV your body will be the gate for 100’s of opportunistic infections. This effects every system in the body and symptoms are vague.

SYMPTOMS

  • Severe muscle cramps
  • Fever of unknown origin
  • Weightloss
  • Recurrent sore throat
  • Recurrent oral or mouth ulcers
  • Menstruation issues
  • Frequent Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Malaise
  • Neuropathy
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Lymph node enlargement.
  • Many other symptoms according to the system involved.

Opurtunistic infections

These diseases don’t affect healthy individuals but they effect one with poor immunity.

Some of them are

  • Tuberculosis – the most common infection.
  • Candidiasis or oral thrush
  • Herpes simplex virus infection
  • Cancers caused by various viruses
  • Pneumonia
  • Meningitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Various other infections

HPV

Most common infection and usually it’s asymptomatic. If symptoms are seen then they will be

  • Fleshy outgrowths in genital region or warts.
  • Itching in the genital region.

It’s a precancerous lesion i.e it leads to cancer if untreated.

HSV –  A viral infection that causes genital herpes and the following symptoms are seen

  • Painful fluid-filled sacs seen in the genital region and cause a burning sensation while urinating if urine touches.
  • Itching, tingling sensation in the affected area.

NOTE – All these infections are transmitted vertically i.e transmitted from mother to child which causes complications to the child. So never hesitate to share this with your Obstetrician if you are pregnant and you have any of these.

Also Read How to Improve Sex Life

DIAGNOSIS

1. Urine test

2. Blood tests

3. Fluid is drained and tested in case of any lesions on the body.

4. Skin scrapping in case of rashes or lesions.

TREATMENT

In case of bacterial infections specific antibiotics are prescribed and for viral infections antiviral drugs are used or management of symptoms.

Both partners are treated for the infection.

PREVENTION

Latex or nonlatex condoms are the best way.

Avoiding sex if you have symptoms.

Having only one sexual partner.

Maintaining personal hygiene

So please take care of yourself and your partners. Rather than hiding your condition go and talk to your doctor because it’s not something you need to hide and suffer for a lifetime.

 

 

Leave a Reply

Recent Posts

NON- COMMUNICABLE DISEASES -1
March 4, 2021
Malaria Treatment
Malaria Treatment and Prevention
February 27, 2021
How Many Calories
How Many Calories Should I Burn A Day
February 21, 2021
Anemia
Anemia in the Elderly Blood Transfusion
February 14, 2021
blue-circle
Why Diabetes has BLUE CIRCLE Logo ?
February 14, 2021
Salmon Benefits
Salmon Benefits for Skin, Heart and Hair
February 13, 2021
ACNE
ARE YOUR DISTURBED HORMONES TRYING TO SPEAK THROUGH YOUR SKIN?
February 10, 2021
Grapes Benefits
10 Health Benefits of Eating Grapes
January 17, 2021
Strawberry benefits
Strawberry Benefits and Side Effects
January 16, 2021
Bird flu
Bird Flu Symptoms in Humans
January 10, 2021
Tomato Benefits
Tomato Benefits and Side Effects
January 2, 2021
what-is-alzheimers-disease
What is Alzheimer’s disease
December 16, 2020
cotton clothes
Pros and Cons of Cotton Clothes 
December 6, 2020
Breast self-examination
Women Breast Growth Cream
November 30, 2020
nightfall stop
At What Age Does Nightfall Stop
November 29, 2020
Fennel Seeds Benefits
Fennel Seeds Benefits for Skin
November 22, 2020
vomiting
How to Stop Vomiting Home Remedie
November 22, 2020
What Does Brucellosis Do to Humans
November 18, 2020
Female
Things You May Not Know About Female Masturbation
November 8, 2020
watermelon benefits
Watermelon Benefits and Side Effects
November 8, 2020
mustard oil benefits
Benefits Of Mustard Oil For Skin, Hair, And Health
November 6, 2020
What are the Benefits of Honey
October 29, 2020
Hand Sanitizer Meaning and Uses
October 26, 2020
women's safety
Ideas for Women’s Safety
October 25, 2020
Saline – Medicine
October 25, 2020
Stretchers
Different Varieties of Stretchers
October 17, 2020
doctor accessories
Doctor Accessories Names
October 17, 2020
Ginger
How to Eat Ginger for Health Benefits
October 11, 2020
Is it Safe to Drink clove Water During Pregnancy
October 11, 2020
Mental Health
World Mental Health Day
October 10, 2020
jaundice treatment
Treatment of Jaundice in Adults
October 10, 2020
female condom
How to use female condoms
October 8, 2020
Anger
Anger Management Activities for Adults
October 4, 2020
Insomnia
Insomnia
October 3, 2020
MENTAL HEALTH
MOM’S MENTAL HEALTH
October 2, 2020
eyesight improve
How to Improve Eyesight Naturally at home
October 2, 2020
lemon juice benefits
Lemon Juice Benefits for Health
September 27, 2020
Hair
Can Grey Hair be Turned Black Naturally
September 27, 2020
quit smoking
Easy Way How to Quit Smoking
September 26, 2020
Balanced Diet
Importance of a Balanced Diet
September 23, 2020