It is just a skin disorder without any internal complications but it’s too hard to live with itching, burning sensation, or any other irritation in your private regions.
It is a skin disease which is also known as DERMATOPHYTOSIS and is caused by a fungus. Nearly 40 types of fungus cause these but most common are Microsporum, Epidermophyton, Trichophyton.
It is said that this is a kind of hypersensitivity reaction that arises due to fungal antigens that come in contact with our bodies.
Nearly 20% of people globally suffer from this at any given time and nowadays antifungal resistant fungus are emerging which is making it even harder to cure.
- Sharing your personal articles with some other infected.
- Swimming pools
- Walking barefoot in unhygienic places.
- Weak immune system
- Moisture or wet skin all day ( obesity)
- Poorly washed cloth and if not sun-dried chances of contracting infection are high.
WHICH REGIONS ARE AFFECTED?
It can involve any part of the body right from scalp to feet. Ringworm in different regions are given different names.
Feet – Athlete foot
Groin – Jock itch
Nails – Onychomycosis
Face and neck – Barber’s itch
Nonhairy skin of the body – Tinea corporis. Even sometimes seen as concentric rings.
Symptoms of common forms are mentioned below but not of all types of them.
- They start in genital or smooth surfaces as small red blisters which are itchy slowly they turn into circular with raised edges and flat centers, dry, scaly, red, itchy patches.
- If nails are involved their color changes, they thicken, begin to crack and fall off.
- Athlete foot – Fungal infection between toes. It’s commonly seen in those who spend the most time in moist surfaces or those sweat a lot or those who wear shoes for long hours. Usually, itchy, slightly painful lesions are seen. Skin breaks and slight color changes.
- On scalp or eyebrows. These start as small red papules and turn into scaly, itchy patches. Usually, hair in the region is discolored, becomes brittle most often.
Skin scrapings from the affected region, nails, hair are collected and are examined under a microscope.
Topical antifungal ointments like miconazole, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine are prescribed. Usually prescribed for 2-3 weeks.
If infection persists or scalp is involved then oral antifungals like fluconazole, itraconazole, terbinafine, etc are prescribed.
- Rinse the affected area with antifungal soap at least twice daily.
- Keep the surface dry.
- Wash your clothes separately and sundry your clothes.
- Use medications correctly.
- Avoid vitamin C intake.
- Avoid chicken and fish.
- Avoid brinjal, bassialatifolia, or kenaf leaves.
- Avoid touching the affected area and touching some other area with the same hand.