Heart Attack First Aid Do’s and Don’ts

Heart Attack
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When a segment of heart muscles dies due to loss of blood supply then that phenomenon is called a heart attack. The blood supply stops due to the blood clot which blocks the artery supply. When some of the heart muscle dies person experience chest pain.

Studies have shown that millions of Americans are having a heart attack every year. It is also named as Myocardial infarction.

Myocardial Infarction is a combination of two words “Myo” means muscles and “Cardinal”  means heart.

Symptoms of heart attack

  • Indigestion
  • Chest Pain
  • Squeezing
  • Tightness
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Anxiety

What causes a heart attack?

  • Coronary Heart Disease: CHD the term describes a condition where coronary arteries are blocked or interrupted by fatty substances. Over time, our arteries can filled with fatty deposits this process is known as atherosclerosis and fatty deposits are called atheroma.
  • Drug Misuse: Misuse of drug-like cocaine, amphetamines (speed), and methamphetamines (crystal meth) cause arteries to narrow and due to which oxy rich blood does not reach the heart.
  • Arrhythmia: Arrhythmia is irregular in the heartbeat. In this situation, the heart can beat fast or slow. There are two conditions one when the heart beats fast which is called tachycardia and the other where the heartbeats slow which is called bradycardia.
  • Angina: Angina is the chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood going into your heart it is quite similar to a heart attack with squeezing of your chest. It’s a sign of heart disease and happens when arteries are blocked by something or there is not oxygen-rich blood in the heart.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Abnormal muscles unable to pump the blood to the rest of the body and this condition called cardiomyopathy. Different types of cardiomyopathy are as follows:


There are two types of complication that can occur during a heart attack they are as follows:

  • Immediate Complication:
    • Arrhythmias: Irregular heartbeat which is either too fast or slow.
    •  Cardiogenic Shock: Blood pressure drops suddenly in a person resulting in the pumping of less blood to the body to work properly.
    • Hypoxemia: Decrease in the percentage of oxygen in the blood.
    • Myocardial Rupture: Heart attacks damage the walls of the heart which increases the chances of heart wall ruptures.
  • Delay Complication:
    • Angina: Oxygen-rich blood does not reach the heart causing chest pain and another part of the body causing other complications.
    • Aneurysm: In this, the scars tissue builds on the damaged walls of the heart which causes a blood clot that leads to low blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythms.
    • Edema: In ankles and leg fluid are accumulated causing them to swell.

How is heart attack detected?

  • Blood Test: Cardiac enzymes used to indicate heart muscle damage. These enzymes are present in the heart cells but in case of heart attacks, these cells damaged, and enzymes spill into the bloodstream. Measuring these enzymes level doctors find the size of the attack and the time of the attack.
  • Echocardiography: This imaging process can use during and after the heart attack to see how the heart is pumping and what are not pumping the same it should. This also tells whether any parts of the heart damaged or not.
  • Cardiac Catheterization: Cardiac catheterization provides the image of the blocked artery, which helps the doctor to treat the patient. It used in the first hour of the heart attack if the medication is not working.
  • Echocardiography: This is an imaging process that can be used during and after the heart attack to see how the heart is pumping and what are not pumping the same it should. This also tells whether any parts of the heart is damaged or not.
  • Cardiac Catheterization: Cardiac catheterization provides the image of the blocked artery which helps the doctor to treat the patient. It is used in the first hour of the heart attack if the medication is not working.

Heart Attack Treatment

  • Drugs: Drugs help to treat heart attacks as they break or prevent blood clots, stop platelets from collecting. It is recommended to take medicine as per the direction as soon as possible to prevent heart damage. Drugs that can be during a heart attack are as follows :
    • Aspirin, Plavix, Effient to stop blood clotting.
    • Thrombolytic therapy (“clot busters”) to dissolve blood clots in your heart’s arteries
  • Cardiac Catheterization: This process is used to open up the blocked arteries such as stent or angiography.
  • Dilated (stretched and thinned muscle)
  • Hypertrophic (thickened heart muscle)
  • Bypass Surgery: need for bypass surgery to restore the supply of the blood to the heart.

How do you get rid of a heart attack?

  • Stop smoking
  • Lower your cholesterol
  • Control your diabetes and blood pressure
  • Follow an exercise plan
  • Keep a healthy body weight
  • Control stress

Heart attack first aid

For those who assume somebody is having a coronary heart assault: Have the individual sit down, relax, and attempt to preserve calm.
Loosen any tight clothes. Ask if the individual takes any chest ache drugs, resembling nitroglycerin, for a recognized coronary heart situation, and assist them to take it.

Heart Attack First Aid Do’s and Don’ts

The affected person ought to be made to sit down, relax, and attempt to preserve calm. Loosen any tight clothes.

  • By no means depart the affected person alone.
  • Dont wait to see if the signs go away.
  • Do not give the individual something by mouth except a coronary heart remedy has been prescribed.

How do you prevent a heart attack at night?

  1. Look into signs of attainable sleep issues.
  2. Have a constant bedtime routine.
  3. Hold potential sleep-stealers out of the bedroom.
  4. Drink much less, train extra.
  5. Know that sleep and coronary heart well-being work each method.

What to do when having a heart attack alone?

What must you do in the event you assume you are having a coronary heart assault while you‘re alone? For those who‘re alone and expertise in any of the above coronary heart assault signs, name your native medical emergency straight away.

Take aspirin if you could have it readily available. Then, unlock your entrance door and lie down close to it, so EMS employees can simply discover you.

Can a heart attack just go away?

Most coronary heart assaults contain discomfort within the middle of the chest that lasts various minutes – or it could go away after which return.

It can really feel like uncomfortable strain, squeezing, fullness, or ache.

Does your body warn you before a heart attack?

We would pause at these moments and surprise if it is time to hightail it to the physician or if that is regular.

The truth is individuals can discover refined coronary heart assault signs months earlier than a precise occasion happens, says Sutter Zi-Jian Xu, M.D., a heart specialist within the Sutter Wellbeing community.

Is it a heart attack or anxiety?

Chest ache, speedy heartbeat and breathlessness might consequence when an inadequate quantity of blood reaches the coronary heart muscle,” says Tung. (See “Signsunder.)

One of many key distinctions between the 2 is {that a} coronary heart assault typically develops throughout bodily exertion, whereas a panic assault can happen at relaxation.

Heart attack emergency treatment at home

  1. Call your native medical emergency number.
  2. Chew and swallow an aspirin, except you might be allergic to aspirin or have been informed by your physician by no means to take aspirin.
  3. Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed.
  4. Start CPR if the individual is unconscious.

How to stop a heart attack in progress

Performing shortly can save lives. If given shortly after signs, clot-busting and artery-opening medicines can cease a coronary heart assault, and having a catheterization with a stent put in might open a closed blood vessel.

The longer you watch for remedy, the extra possibilities of survival go down and injury to the coronary heart goes up.

What happens right before a heart attack?

Frequent coronary heart assault indicators and signs embody: Stress, tightness, ache, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms which will unfold to your neck, jaw, or again.

Nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or bellyache. Shortness of breath.

What happens if you have a heart attack and don’t go to the hospital?

It’s higher to go to the hospital and study that you should not have a coronary heart assault than to remain dwelling and have one.

That is as a result of the results of an untreated coronary heart assault are so nice.

In case your signs persist for greater thanquarter-hour, you are at extra threat than coronary heart muscle cells will die.

Can drinking water prevent a heart attack?

An examination within the American Journal of Medical Epidemiology discovered that members “who drink 5 or extra glasses of plain water per day have a lot decrease threat of deadly coronary heart illness, in comparison with those that drink lower than two glasses per day.”

It is much more vital to drink earlier thanmattress as a result of it helps enhance.

How to stop a heart attack in 30 seconds?

Take an aspirin. Chew one uncoated 325-milligram aspirin (not a child aspirin). It might not cease the coronary heart assault, but it surely might reduce the injury by thinning the blood and breaking apart clots. Take nitroglycerin for chest ache when you have a prescription.

How do you perform CPR on a heart attack?

Protecting your arms straight, push down along with your arms and fingers, utilizing your physique weight to compress the individual‘s chest.

Push laboriously sufficient to press the chest down at the very least two inches. Proceed urgent the chest at a price of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.

Does CPR save heart attack?

You will not have to do cardiac pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) except the coronary heart assault sufferer goes into cardiac arrest, which suggests they’re unconscious and have stopped respiratory.

If this occurs, CPR will preserve the blood circulating whilst you watch for the ambulance or for somebody to get a defibrillator.

Blood Test for Heart Attack

Blood checks can measure the quantity of those proteins within the bloodstream. Increased than regular ranges of those proteins recommend a coronary heart assault.

Generally used blood checks embody troponin checks, CK or CK–MB checks, and serum myoglobin checks. Blood checks typically are repeated to test for modifications over time.

How to prevent heart attack?

  1. Management your blood strain.
  2. Hold your LDL cholesterol and triglyceride ranges below management.
  3. Keep at a wholesome weight.
  4. Eat a nutritious diet.
  5. Get common train.
  6. Restrict alcohol.
  7. Do not smoke.
  8. Handle stress.

How to prevent heart attack with food?

Select meals low in saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium. As a part of a nutritious diet, eat loads of vegetables and fruits, fiber-rich complete grains, fish (ideally oily fish-at least twice per week), nuts, legumes, and seeds, and take a look at consuming some meals without meat. Choose decrease fats dairy merchandise and poultry (skinless).

What foods prevent heart attacks?

  • Leafy Green Vegetables.
  • Whole Grains.
  • Berries.
  • Avocados.
  • Fatty Fish and Fish Oil.
  • Walnuts.
  • Beans.
  • Dark Chocolate.

Foods to avoid after a heart attack

  • Fried Foods.
  • Hot Dogs, Sausage, and Other Processed Meats.
  • Sugary Baked Goods.
  • Salted Nuts and Snacks.
  • Milk Chocolate.
  • Condiments and Cream Sauces.
  • Sugary Soda.
  • Fatty Red Meat.

Foods that cause heart disease

  • Full-fat milk and other dairy products.
  • Organ meats, such as liver.
  • Fatty and marbled meats.
  • Spareribs.
  • Hot dogs and sausages.
  • Bacon.
  • Fried or breaded meats.

Can heart attack symptoms last for months

Timing/Length: Coronary heart assault ache can be intermittent or steady. Coronary heart assault signs can final for a couple of minutes to a couple of hours.

When you’ve got had chest ache repeatedly for a number of days, weeks, or months, then it’s unlikely to be brought on by a coronary heart assault.

How long does a heart attack last if untreated?

That is as a result of the results of an untreated coronary heart assault are so nice.

If your signs persist for greater thanquarter-hour, you might be at extra threat than coronary heart muscle cells will die.

It’s essential for you and your coronary heart that you simply obtain instant medical consideration.

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Health Blogger Since 2018

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