The inflammation in joints is called arthritis. It can cause pain in single or multiple joints. Though there are many types of arthritis but there are two common types of arthritis the first one is osteoarthritis (OA) and the second one is rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Its symptoms appear in time but this is more predominant for the older people of age 60 or above but in rare cases, it has also been seen in children, teens, and younger adults.
- Joint pain
- The decrease in range of motion
- Redness near the joints.
- Loss of appetite.
A flexible tissue that connects the joints is called cartilage. Its work is to absorb all the pressure and shock that is created by walking or when we put stress. When the normal amount of cartilage decreases then the situation of arthritis occurs.
OA one of the common type of arthritis which is caused because of normal wear and tear. Infection or injury to the joints can increase the rate of natural breakdown of natural tissue. The risk of having OA is higher if you have a family history of the disease.
RA another common type of arthritis that is caused when the immune of the body attacks the tissue of the body these will affect synovium which is the tissue that produces a fluid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricant the joints.
RA is a disease that will destroy the joints which will eventually lead to the destruction of bones and cartilage inside joints.
How is arthritis diagnosed
The doctor will be asked for some physical exercise to see for the fluid around the joints and limited motion around your joints. For severe symptoms, one may go to a specialist for faster treatment.
For identifying what type of arthritis you have doctor may check the inflammation of the blood.
Doctors commonly use imaging scans such as X-ray, MRI, and CT scans to produce an image of your bones and cartilage.
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Types of arthritis
- Inflammatory arthritis
- Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
- Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
- Back pain
- Connective tissue disease
- Infectious arthritis
- Metabolic arthritis.
The main objective is to reduce the pain one is experiencing and also to prevent further damage to joints. The best ways are to either use an ice bag or hot bag to reduce the pain and others use mobility assistance devices, like canes or walkers, to help take pressure off sore joints. Some of them are listed below
- Analgesics, such as hydrocodone (Vicodin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) and salicylates.
- Menthol or capsaicin creams
- Immunosuppressants like prednisone or cortisone help reduce inflammation.
This is the process to replace joints with artificial ones. This type of surgery is performed to replace hips and knees but when it comes to the ginger or wrist then the doctor performs joint fusion. In this process, the end of the locked together until they are healed.
This involves physical exercise that involves movement of the parts around the joints which will strengthen the muscles with some heat treatment at first to reduce the pain. It is a core treatment for arthritis.
Foods to avoid for arthritis
- Fried and processed.
- Sugars and refined carbs.
- Alcohol and Tobacco.
- Salt and Preservatives.
- Corn oil.
- Bottom line.
Arthritis treatment diet
- Fatty Fish: Rich in omega-3 fatty acid and vitamin D which helps to reduce the inflammation and severity of arthritis symptoms.
- Garlic: It has been found that eating garlic will reduce the inflammation properties and decreased the risk of osteoarthritis.
- Ginger: It has been found that it reduces the symptoms of arthritis and may decrease the inflammation.
- Broccoli: It has anti-inflammation property sulforaphane which helps to reduce the inflammation in the joints.
- Walnuts: Rich in omega-3 fatty acid which helps to reduce the inflammation and severity of arthritis symptoms.
- Berries: It contains antioxidants that have been shown to decrease arthritis-related inflammatory.
- Spinach: Rich in anti-oxidants and kaempferol which helps to reduce the inflammation.
- Grapes: Grapes have anti-inflammatory properties and contain compounds that may help reduce inflammation.
- Olive Oil: Olive oil has been shown to reduce inflammation and may be associated with a lower risk of arthritis.
- Tart Cherry: Tart Cherry JuiceStudies show that tart cherry juice could lower inflammation and alleviate some symptoms of arthritis.