Angina is the chest pain that occurs when there is not enough blood going into your heart it is quite similar to the heart attack with squeezing of your chest. Its a sign of a heart disease and happens when arteries are blocked by something or there is not oxygen-rich blood in the heart.
Angina usually goes away quickly but it can be a life-threatening disease as well but by proper medication, it can be easily be controlled.
In serious conditions, one may have to go for the surgery or may need a procedure called a Stent which is a tiny tube that opens arteries.
Types of Angina
- Stable Angina: It is one of the most common types and which is triggers once taken to much stress but it quickly vanished once taken rest. It is not actually a heart attack but a sign that one may can have if taken to much of stress.
- Unstable Angina: It is triggered when someone takes long rest or not very active. It lasts for a long period of time and can occur again and again. It is a sign that one can get a heart attack soon so one has to consult the doctor soon.
- Microvascular Angina: It’s a chest pain that is triggered when the arteries don’t work in the same way it should normally work due to which oxygen-rich blood does not reach the heat which causes the pain. It lasts for more than 10 min and mainly common in women.
- Prinzmetal’s angina: It is caused due to spasm in the coronary artery which narrows the artery due to which the blood flows less and causes chest pain. It most likely happens overnight. Emotionally stress, smoking, and illegal intake of drug helps to trigger prinzmetal angina.
Characteristics of stable Angina
- It occurs when someone heart work more harder than usual such as stress, climbing, exercise.
- Happens for a very short interval of time less than 5 minutes.
- If taken rest than it disappears soon and consult the doctor for the same.
Characteristics of Unstable Angina
- Occurs even at rest.
- Last more than 30 min.
- May or may not disappear by taking rest.
Characteristics of variant Angina
- Happen mostly at night because of the spasm of the coronary artery.
- Emotionally stress, smoking triggers the variant angina.
- Aching, Burning
- Chest Pain
- Short of breath
- EKG: This tests the heart rhythm and electrical activity.
- Stress Test: This checks the performance of the heart when one does exercise.
- Blood Test: The doctor will ask to test for the blood test to check the troponins which a protein which is released when heart muscles are damaged.
- Imaging Test: Creating the image of the heart in various ways such as X-Ray, Echocardiodiagram, and CT or MRI which help the doctor to visualize the cause of the pain.
- Cardiac Catheterization: A long tube is inserted inside the leg and tied to the heart to measure the pressure of the blood and blood flow.
- Coronary Angiography: Injects dye into the blood vessels the dyes create an image of the blood vessels on the X-Ray.
Diet for Angina
- Eating plenty of fruits, vegetable, and whole-grain help to reduce risk Angina.
- Consume protein-rich food such as chicken, fish.
- Avoid high sodium mixed foods.
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